Seksinostokielto, ihmiskauppa

Eufemia kirjoittaa fiksusti pyrkimyksestä kriminalisoida seksin ostaminen.

Lakia perustellaan yleensä tarpeella taistella ihmiskauppaa vastaan. Hieman toisenlaisen näkemyksen ihmiskaupasta tarjoaa seuraava Euroopan sosiaalifoorumissa, Ateenassa toukokuussa järjestettävä seminaari:

What is wrong with the current anti-trafficking politics?

Victims of organized crime. Victims of male violence. Sex-slaves.
These are the terms commonly used to describe migrant women women in the EU’s sex industry. Trafficking, in contrast to ‘voluntary’ migration such as smuggling, is defined as an involuntary and non-consensual form of migration geared towards exploitation of migrants’ labour whether in sex or some other kind of industry. This conceptualization of trafficking resulted in NGOs and states’ intervention along two main lines: first, establishing of protective schemes for victims of trafficking and second, the tightening of borders and visa regimes to combat organized criminal networks.

This seminar brings together migrant, feminist and sex workers’ rights activists to engage and question such an understanding of trafficking. Rather than viewing trafficking as a matter of organized crime, violence against women and slavery, we propose to discuss trafficking from the perspective of migration, labour and rights. We will address critically the ways in which:

- the term ‘sexual slavery’ feeds into moral panic, hides the link between current transformations of labour relations and restrains imposed upon migrants’ (labour) mobility
- the focus on organized crime hinders an understanding of various different actors and networks involved in organizing migrants’ travel and labour. The idea of trafficking an organized crime initiative also consigns women to the position of victims and prevents our seeing them as labour migrants
- the existing border and visa regime reduce women’s, men’s and trans-people’s autonomous mobility and result in trafficking and smuggling networks becoming an alternative to legally sanctioned systems of migration
- the anti-trafficking policies lead to anti-prostitution laws, subsume all migrant sex workers under the category of victims and worsen sex-workers’ working conditions and rights
- the category of trafficking damages both the migrants’ rights movements and the sex workers’ movements since it furthers the political isolation of migrants who work in the sex industry both from the other workers of that industry, and from the other migrants

Shifting the terms of analysis of trafficking from violence and organized crime to migration and labour creates new political and interpretative possibilities. Analytically, it provides us with a framework to examine the impact restrictive immigration and labour policies on migrant workers lives and on sex workers’ lives. Politically, it avoids the danger of the collusion between feminist and states’ anti-immigration agenda, which
occurs when victimhood is the main frame of reference, and it proposes a political alliance centered on freedom of movement and resistance against labour exploitations

Frassanito Network
NextGENDERation network
International COmmittee on the Rights of Sex Workers in Europe
Anti-Trafficking Centre, Belgrade

Bridget Anderson, Kalayaan, UK
Rutvica Andrijasevic, Frassanito/NextGENDERation Network
Jelena Djordjevic and Sandra Ljubinkovic, Anti-Trafficking Centre, Serbia
Giulia Garofalo, International Committee on the Rights of Sex Workers in Europe
Camille Barbagallo and Ana Lopes, International Union of Sex Workers

No comments: